Ruins of Babylon, Iraq: The ancient city of Babylon, first referenced in a clay tablet from the 23rd century BC, was finally designated a Unesco World Heritage Site, after a vote that followed decades of lobbying by Iraq.
The Friday vote at a meeting of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation World Heritage Committee held in Azerbaijan’s capital Baku, made the ancient Mesopotamian city on the Euphrates River the sixth world heritage site within the borders of a country known as a cradle of civilization, Reuters and Wam reported on Saturday.
The other five World Heritage Sites are:
- The southern marshlands
- Ashur and
- The citadel in Erbil, the capital of Iraq’s Kurdistan Region
Iraqi President Barham Salih said the city, now an archaeological ruin, was returned to its “rightful place” in history after years of neglect by previous leaders.
Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi also welcomed the news. “Mesopotamia is truly the pillar of humanity’s memory and the cradle of civilization in recorded history,” he said.
The Iraq government said it would allocate funds to maintain and boost conservation efforts.
Babylon, about 85 kilometres south of Baghdad, was once the centwer of a sprawling empire, renowned for its towers and mudbrick temples. Its hanging gardens were one of the seven ancient wonders of the world, commissioned by King Nebuchadnezzar II.
Visitors can stroll through the remnants of the brick and clay structures, which stretch across 10 square kilometres, and see the famed Lion of Babylon statue, as well as large portions of the original Ishtar Gate.
Excavations of what was once the largest city in the world, began in the early 19th century by European archaeologists, who removed many artefacts. In the 1970s, under President Saddam Hussein’s restoration project, the southern palace’s walls and arches were shoddily rebuilt on top of the existing ruins, causing widespread damage.
This was exacerbated during the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003, when US and Polish troops stationed nearby built their military base on top of the Babylonian ruins. Many inscriptions written by soldiers can still be seen on the ancient bricks.
The site is in dire need of conservation. Unlike three other World Heritage sites in Iraq, Unesco did not designate Babylon as one in “in danger” after objections from the Iraqi delegation.
Iraq is replete with thousands of archaeological sites, many of which were heavily damaged or pillaged by Islamic group Daesh during its barbaric three-year-rule that ended in 2017.